The question is how and what do you report about a Conference like the ILO Conference, held as usual in Geneva in the month of June, where nearly 5000 representatives discuss in several committees specific items, where there are daily meetings of the workers, employers and governments and where are held regularly plenary sessions? Without wishing to be without respect, I sometimes feel as being in a kind of circus with too many circus rings so I do not know where to look. May be the most important and interesting aspect of the ILO Conference is the opportunity to meet so many people from so many different corners of the world.
The following three partite committees (workers, employers and governments) were at work during the Conference: the Committe on Sustainable development, decent Work and 'Green Jobs', the Committee on Employment and Social Protection in the New Demographic Context (aging society), the Committee for the Recurrent Discussion on Social Dialogue and the usual Committee on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations that examined this year 26 countries.The ILO Director General presented two reports for debate: “Towards the ILO centenary: Realities, Renewal and Tripartite commitment” and “The situation of workers of the occupied Arab territories.” The observations and conclusions from each Committee as well as the results of the debates on the ILO Director's Reports have been published on the ILO website.
|WOW executive secretary Bjorn van Heusden meets during the ILO Conference ILO Actrav staff member Amrita Sietaram.|
The most 'political' Committee is the one on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations. The Conference examined 25 individual cases of problems in the application of labour rights and one case of progress (Miyanmar). The 25 cases concern the following countries: Bangladesh, Belarus, Cambodia, Canada, Chad, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Fiji, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Islamic Republic of Iran, Kenya, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Mauritania, Pakistan, Paraguay, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Spain, Swaziland, Turkey, Uzbekistan and Zimbabwe.The Committee drew special attention to three cases: Belarus, Fiji and Uzbekistan.
The other important topics of this year were the social dialogue, 'green jobs' and aging society. On paper, all Member States of the ILO endorse the importance of social dialogue. That this is not always the case in practice, is to be expected in undemocratic countries. But for example, there are EU countries in South and Eastern Europe, that due to the crisis do not respect anymore the social dialogue. Countries with emerging economies, particularly in Latin America, see the crisis as an opportunity to strengthen the social dialogue. Especially in established economies, the social dialogue is under attack. The ILO calls this global trend a race to the middle.
|WOW vice president Koffi Crysanthe Zounnadjala (in the middle between 2 colleagues) is also the WOW coordinator of WOW delegates to the ILO Conference.|
The trend that companies are increasingly less bound by national borders, is continuing. Production often stretches out over several countries. That makes companies also responsible to respect the labor conventions in the international 'production chain' and not only in the country where their headquarters stands. The ILO intends to cooperate more directly with multinational corporations and trade unions. This enables companies and their suppliers to establish the same labour standards in different countries. To ensure compliance with these standards, it is necessary to support the creation of a good system of control. The ILO should therefore do more research and develop more activities about this globalization of production.
An important outcome of the discussion in the Committee on Social Dialogue is that the ILO will focus more on the sustainability of international production chains. A decision that undoubtedly is linked to the recent disaster in Bangladesh.The impact of the flexibilisation of the labor market on the social dialogue and on collective bargaining were also subject of discussion.
This topic is also clearly reflected in the agenda for the future presented by the ILO Director General Guy Ryder on the eve of the conference. He stressed that the ILO will engage in discussions about the changing world of labour(flexibility). At the end of the Conference he said that “a forward-looking examination of the place of work in our lives and societies is needed. It will frame policy choices and it will be appropriate to the marking of the ILO’s 100th anniversary.” He added to this, that “there was widespread interest in defining and implementing an ILO role in respect of global supply chains and more generally in respect of corporate social responsibility.”
For this blog I used texts of the blogs produced by Martijn Hordijk from CNV Netherlands and who was the official workers' representative in the Dutch delegation.